Cocaine Abuse & Addiction in Ohio
In the state of Ohio – particularly in big cities like Cincinnati and Cleveland – there has been a lot of discussion about the opiate epidemic. However, there are many other substances that continue to be problematic in Ohio as well as the entire nation. One such substance is cocaine. Here we will take a look at cocaine as a drug and explore whether or not it is an addictive substance.
Is Cocaine Addictive?
The short answer to this question is yes, cocaine is very addictive. It is not as physically addictive as other substances in that it doesn’t have the same kind of severe withdrawal symptoms as other substances like benzodiazepines, opiates or alcohol. However, it is chemically addictive and psychologically addictive.
Whether you are in Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus or any other Ohio city, it’s important that you understand that there are treatment options available for cocaine addiction in Ohio. The Recovery Village Columbus is just one of those options, offering residential treatment programs, partial hospitalization programs, outpatient treatment programs, medically supervised detox programs and aftercare programs. With the most qualified addiction specialists and medical professionals, patients are given an individual treatment plan to address their cocaine addiction and help them begin their long-term path to recovery.
What is Cocaine?
Cocaine is not like opioids in that it is a stimulant instead of a depressant. It comes from the coca leaf, which is native to South America and has been used for thousands of years as a stimulant. At the beginning of the 1900s, the use of purified cocaine was relatively mainstream as it was used in a number of elixirs and tonics. Many people have heard about how it was administered as a pain reliever for surgery and it was used in the original version of the drink, Coca- Cola.
At one point it was seen as having a number of uses. However, over the years researchers and medical professionals have been able to see how dangerous and addictive the substance can be.
In the United States, it is currently classified as a Schedule II drug. This means that there is high potential for abuse. Cocaine is usually in the form of a fine, white powder on the streets, and it is called many things. Some of the slang names include:
In addition to the general health problems associated with cocaine as well as the addiction issues, when it’s sold on the street, the dealers will often cut it with other substances in order to make it more profitable for them. Depending on what the substances are, this can make it more dangerous.
Cocaine can come in different forms. The white powder version of cocaine that is the most well known is hydrochloride salt. This is typically snorted. Also, there is a free base version which can be smoked. This is typically called crack cocaine or just crack for short.
The reward center of the brain is stimulated when cocaine is used. An intense sense of euphoria or well-being is typically felt when someone uses the drug for the first time. This is the feeling that the substance is known to create. Users of cocaine may be more alert, have insomnia, have a loss of appetite and become more talkative when using the substance.
If cocaine is used in large doses, it can create different feelings, however. In large doses, it may can create feelings of anxiety, rapid heart rate, violent behavior, a sense of paranoia and high blood pressure. It can also increase your risk of having a heart attack.
The effects of cocaine that are felt are largely dependent on the amount of cocaine that is used, the purity of the drug, the way in which it is used, a person’s tolerance and whether or not he or she using any other drugs.
There are many reasons that people use cocaine. People have the desire to simply feel a high, to enjoy a social experience that accompanies using the drug, to improve their performance in some area of life or to self-medicate a mental health issue like social anxiety or depression.
- NIDA. “Cocaine DrugFacts.” National Institute on Drug Abuse. April 8, 2021. Accessed April 14, 2021.
- Redman M. “Cocaine: What is the Crack? A Brief History of the Use of Cocaine as an Anesthetic.” Anesth Pain Med. 2011. Accessed April 14, 2021.
- NIDA. “Did Coca-Cola Ever Contain Cocaine? ” National Institute on Drug Abuse. December 23, 2020 Accessed April 14, 2021.
- United States Drug Enforcement Administration. “Drug Scheduling.” 2021. Accessed April 14, 2021.
Medical Disclaimer: The Recovery Village aims to improve the quality of life for people struggling with a substance use or mental health disorder with fact-based content about the nature of behavioral health conditions, treatment options and their related outcomes. We publish material that is researched, cited, edited and reviewed by licensed medical professionals. The information we provide is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. It should not be used in place of the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare provider.